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Cover Page (Vol 12, Issue 3)

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ORGANIC PRODUCTION OF TOMATO UNDER MULTIPURPOSE TREE BASED AGROFORESTRY AS INFLUENCED BY MULCHING
M. H. A. Amin, Sudhir Chandra Bormon and Md. Kajal
Agricultural Science
Abstract

An experiment was carried out at the Agroforestry and Environment Research Farm, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University (HSTU), Dinajpur, during October 2016 to April 2017 to evaluate the performance of tomato under Albizia lebbeck (kalo koroi), Melia azedarach (ghora neem) and Leucaena leucocephala) (ipil-ipil) based agroforestry systems as influenced by different organic mulching. The experiment was conducted in nine years old established woodlot of multipurpose tree species with the spacing were 3m × 3m. The experiment included a popular tomato variety ratan was used for the study. The treatments of the experiment were factor A: T0= Tomato sole cropping (Control), T1= Tomato + Kalo Koroi, T2= Tomato + Gora Neem and T3­= Tomato + Ipil-ipil while the factor B: M0= No mulch, M1= Ash mulch, M2= Saw dust mulch, and M3= Water hyacinth mulch. All the organic mulching materials were applied in 15 days after transplanting in the experimental plots. Seeds were sown on 10th October 2016 in the seed bed. Twenty one days old seedlings were transplanted in the main plots on 31st October 2016. The results of the research were showed that the effect of production systems were significant in respect of plant height (cm), number of fruits plant-1, fruit weight plant-1 and fruit yield of tomato, respectively. The highest yield (57.92 t ha-1) was found in  sole cropping of tomato which was identical to (57.52 t ha-1) found in ipil-ipil + tomato based agroforestry system and also (54.17 t ha-1) in ghora neem + tomato based agroforestry system and the lowest yield (50.50 t ha-1) was observed in kalo koroi + tomata based agroforestry system. In case of organic mulching, the highest yield (63.42 t ha-1) was found in ash mulch which was identical to (61.25  t ha-1) found in water hyacinth mulch while the lowest yield (41.33 t ha-1) was observed in control (without mulch), respectively. The yield of tomato was also significantly varied due to interaction effect. Significantly the highest fruit yield (68.00 tha-1) was recorded in ipil-ipil + tomato under organic ash mulch treatment combination. On the other hand, the lowest fruit yield (36.67 tha-1) was recorded in kalo koroi + no mulch treatment combinations. The result was revealed that the production of tomato will be ranked as open field > ipil-ipil > ghora neem > kalo koroi. Therefore, it will be mentioned that most of the organic mulch materials suitable for tomato in shade condition along with open field; but their degree of suitability will be as ash mulch > water hyacinth mulch > saw dust mulch. From the results and foregoing discussion, it is clear that open field is so good for the production of tomato in association of organic mulch but in MPTs based agroforestry system it could be grown well. Based on the findings of the experiment it can be concluded that under the ipil-ipil tree appears as the best than other trees with association of ash organic mulching.